Due to their constituent components , Waste Monitors, whether CRT or TFT, working or faulty, ar considered Hazardous. (see: what computer waste is hazardous?). The Basel Convention (UNEP 1989)(1), a treaty prohibiting the trans-continental shipping of hazardous waste extends to cover all end of life computer screens, whatever their condition. The UK is a signatory to this agreement, which means that if a screen is faulty and sent for recycling, it shouldn't be shipped to a developing country for disposal.
Hazardous waste regulations (Hazardous waste regulations 2005)(2) don't allow the disposal of monitors in Landfill and the WEEE regulations (SI 2006 No.3289)(3) require that they are recycled by Authorised Treatment Facilities(4) where the waste hierarchy (3R's) must be applied to determine the most appropriate method of treatment.
IT-Green® offers a specialist service for CRT Monitors, which by their very design contain hazardous materials such as Lead, Brominated flame retardants, Phosphor and other heavy metals. This includes their full reprocessing to component level:
Recycling TFT screens presents a new problem for the industry. Their intricate design and inclusion of backlighting systems means that they must be manually broken down prior to any further recycling activities. Older models contain Brominated flame retardants and most contain Mercury salts in the backlights. Both compounds are hazardous to health and the environment.
Plasma Displays present a similar issue. However, this time, the screen is typically filled with a liquid that has to be drained from the unit in accordance with BATRRT before any further recycling work can be carried out.
We're fully aware of the regulations relating to the consigning and treatment of hazardous wastes and have numerous licenses that allow us to recycle Monitors in-house. We issue Hazardous Waste Consignment notes for all CRT and TFT screens we receive. These are submitted to the Environment Agency as part of a quarterly reporting service that all waste management facilities are required to carry out.
Our collection staff will issue you with a copy of this note, along with a EWC (European Waste Catalogue, also known as "The list of Wastes")(6) coding note at the time of collection. You may be required to register as a hazardous waste producer with the Environment Agency, so as to ensure complete compliance, but we will advise you with regard to this at the time of booking our service.
1. The Basel Convention on the Control of Trans boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal: Adopted 22 March 1989, enforced from 5 May 1992.
2. Statutory Instrument 2005 No. 894, Environmental Protection, England and Wales: The Hazardous Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2005 .
3. WEEE Legislation: 2006 No.3289 Environmental Protection: The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Regulations 2006, as ammended 2007 (SI 2007 No. 3454) .
4. The Waste Framework Directive: Statutory Instrument 2011 No.988 Environmental Protection, England and Wales: The Waste (England and Wales) regulations 2011 .
5. BATRRT: Guidance on Best Available Treatment Recovery and Recycling Techniques (BATRRT) and treatment of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), Defra, November 2006.
6. EWC: The European Waste Catalogue (EWC) classifies waste materials and categorises them according to what they are and how they were produced.